5 Myths About Nicotine Pouches
Nicotine, a chemical most commonly within the plants of the Solanaceae family, can be an alkaloid and is available accumulated in the leaves of the plants, although biosynthesis of the chemical occurs in the roots of the plants. Nicotine is probably the major the different parts of addictive plants like tobacco (0.6%-3.0%) and ‘s the reason behind their addiction in humans due to its psychoactive nature.
The follow are 10 interesting factual statements about nicotine.
The name nicotine comes from the scientific name of the tobacco plant Nicotiana tabacum. The scientific name of the tobacco plant is itself named the French ambassador to Portugal Jean Nicot de Villemain. Villeman is credited for sending tobacco seeds and plant saplings to Paris in 1560 because of its use in medicinal purposes.
Nicotine was first extracted from the tobacco plant by German physician Dr. nikotiinipussit netistä Wilhelm Heinrich Posselt and chemist Karl Ludwig Reimann in 1828. After its discovery Posselt and Reimann labelled it as a poison. Actually nicotine is an antiherbivore chemical, which causes addiction when consumed in smaller amounts (1mg or less) and death if used high amounts (30mg-60mg).
Nicotine can be an alkaloid with the chemical formula C10H14N2. Its IUPAC name is 3[2,5-1-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl]pyridine. It has a molecular mass of 162.12g/mol. Nicotine is a hygroscopic liquid that is miscible with water as a nitrogenous base. Its density is 1.01g/cm3, melting point -79oC and boiling point 247oC. The nicotine molecule has a half life of 2 hours and its metabolism is hepatic. Nicotine can be optically active and contains two enantiomeric forms.
4. Nicotine being an insecticide
As already said nicotine is an antiherbivore drug which if used huge amounts is fatal alive forms. This is why nicotine laden tobacco has been used as an insecticide even before the World War II. But after the WWII its usage drastically lowered due to the option of cheap synthetic insecticides which tend to be more easily available than tobacco and less bad for mammals. However in the recent years the hype surrounding organic farming has again increased the interest of the farmers in the usage of tobacco as a pesticide being an alternate to chemical pesticides.
5. Nicotine addiction
Our central nervous system has certain nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Nicotine binds to many of these and increases the level of several neurotransmitters. Among these neurotransmitters dopamine is one particular neurotransmitter that is significantly increased during nicotine use and is in charge of the sense of euphoria and relaxation due to the usage of tobacco (nicotine) products.
6. Psychoactive effects of nicotine
Nicotine is really a psychoactive substance since it is mood altering. It causes both euphoria and relaxation. Within the body nicotine is metabolised in the liver. First after its metabolism nicotine results in the release of glucose from the liver and epinephrine from the adrenal medulla. This sudden release of glucose and epinephrine causes euphoria following the intake of nicotine. After the initial euphoria nicotine leads to relaxation, increased alertness and sharpness by working on different neurotransmitters of your body. Nicotine also offers pain relieving properties.
7. Unwanted effects of nicotine intake
Tough it looks like nicotine is a great substance to improve one’s sharpness, induce calmness and elevate one’s mood there are more negative aspects of nicotine intake than positive. Among these the most frequent unwanted effects of nicotine intake are an increased threat of hypertension and heart attacks. It is sad that every cigarette that a man smokes reduces his life span by 14 years. Moreover since nicotine has been found to affect the working of Estrogen on hippocampus, hence over time nicotine users are prone to amnesia and other related diseases.
Nicotine is known as to become more toxic than most typical drugs like heroin and cocaine. More harm is done by nicotine to our body since it is readily absorbed by the bloodstream and reaches the brain through the lungs within 7 seconds of its intake either orally or as nicotine patches.
9. Usage of nicotine in medical science
Though nicotine isn’t a doctor’s best friend, it is yet not his worst foe. Nicotine known for its pain relieving properties has been researched upon to be used as a potential pain killer minus its harmful effects. Nicotine in addition has been found to lessen preeclampsia, allergic asthma; among others by acting as an anti-inflammatory agent.
10. Nicotine in literature
Nicotine has been personified in popular literature as Nick O’ Teen, a humanoid villainous character in Superman comics that was created as part of anti-nicotine drive to educate children concerning the ill-effects of nicotine intake in any form.
Lindsay is an anti-smoking advocate and expert. She’s helped hundreds of people stop smoking and improve their lifestyle. “Among the finest methods I use to greatly help people quit smoking is by using the latest & most advanced smoking alternative devices. It works 90 percent of the time,” says Lindsay during an interview.